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Community Risk Register for West Mercia Local Resilience Forum
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Risk assessment is the first step in the emergency planning process. It enables response organisations to make plans that are sound and proportionate to the risks that exist in their local area.
The Civil Contingencies Act 2004 places a statutory obligation on all Category 1 responders (as defined under the Act) to carry out a risk assessment.
In the West Mercia Local Resilience Forum area a multi-agency approach has been adopted for the risk assessment work that has been undertaken and this process has engaged a wide range of stakeholders and partner organisations.
What is risk
In the context of emergency preparedness, risks are those hazards (i.e. non-malicious events such as flooding) or threats (i.e. malicious events such as terrorist attacks) which could adversely affect an organisation and its ability to carry out its functions. Risk is a function of the likelihood and impact of a given hazard or threat. This reflects, on the one hand the possibility of an emergency occurring which could adversely affect the organisation (e.g. flooding or nuclear accident). And on the other hand, the extent to which the event impacts upon the organisation (e.g. lack of staff, disruption to power supply, damage to facilities).
The method by which valid Risk Assessment is achieved
The Risk Assessment work has been subject to a six stage process as recommended in the document 'Emergency Preparedness' the guidance document that has been produced by central Government to support Part 1 of the Civil Contingencies Act.
Very briefly this process consists of the following steps:
- Hazard Review and Allocation for Assessment
- Risk Analysis
- Risk Evaluation
- Risk Treatment
- Monitoring & Review
Further details of the method used can be found in Chapter 4 of the Emergency Preparedness guidance document.